Washington, DC

Census Place

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2022 Population
670,587
1.84% 1-year decline
2022 Median Age
34.8
1.46% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
15.1%
2.2% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$101,722
8.74% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$705,000
10.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
369,398
1.22% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Washington, DC had a population of 671k people with a median age of 34.8 and a median household income of $101,722. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Washington, DC declined from 683,154 to 670,587, a −1.84% decrease and its median household income grew from $93,547 to $101,722, a 8.74% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Washington, DC are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (43.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (36.3%), Other (Hispanic) (4.05%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.95%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.94%).

None of the households in Washington, DC reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.1% of the residents in Washington, DC are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington, DC are George Washington University (9,285 degrees awarded in 2022), Georgetown University (7,598 degrees), and American University (4,493 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Washington, DC was $705,000, and the homeownership rate was 41.4%.

Most people in Washington, DC drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington, DC was 1 car per household.

About the photo: A look at the east front of the U.S. Capitol from the Senate wing.

Population & Diversity

Washington, DC is home to a population of 671k people, from which 93.1% are citizens. As of 2022, 13.3% of Washington, DC residents were born outside of the country (89.2k people).

In 2022, there were 1.2 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (292k people) in Washington, DC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 244k White (Non-Hispanic) and 27.2k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.1%
2022 Citizenship
92.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 93.1% of Washington, DC residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Washington, DC was 92.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington, DC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Washington, DC
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    292k ± 1.81k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    244k ± 961
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    27.2k ± 2.16k
11.5%
Hispanic Population
77.2k people

In 2022, there were 1.2 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (292k people) in Washington, DC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 244k White (Non-Hispanic) and 27.2k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.5% of the people in Washington, DC are hispanic (77.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Washington, DC as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for District of Columbia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    10,803 ± 2,531 people
  2. Ethiopia
    6,576 ± 1,981 people
  3. China
    3,531 ± 1,455 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of District of Columbia was El Salvador, the natal country of 10,803 District of Columbia residents, followed by Ethiopia with 6,576 and China with 3,531.

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Foreign-Born Population

13.3%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
89.2k people
13.5%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
92.2k people

As of 2022, 13.3% of Washington, DC residents (89.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington, DC was 13.5%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington, DC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    7,590 ± 662
  2. Vietnam
    5,525 ± 708
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,486 ± 425

Washington, DC has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Washington, DC employs 369k people. The largest industries in Washington, DC are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (78,885 people), Public Administration (63,960 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (35,540 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($136,359), Manufacturing ($125,000), and Finance & Insurance ($118,542).

Males in District of Columbia have an average income that is 1.19 times higher than the average income of females, which is $107,599. The income inequality in District of Columbia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.438, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

369k
2022 Value
± 5,091
−1.22%
1 Year decline
± 2%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Washington, DC declined at a rate of −1.22%, from 374k employees to 369k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington, DC, are Management Occupations (65,299 people), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (45,682 people), and Legal Occupations (30,879 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington, DC.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

369k
2022 Value
± 5,091
−1.22%
1 Year decline
± 2%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Washington, DC declined at a rate of −1.22%, from 374k employees to 369k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington, DC, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (78,885 people), Public Administration (63,960 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (35,540 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington, DC, though some of these residents may live in Washington, DC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$87,835
Median earning men ± $1,962
$76,249
Median earning women ± $1,228

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Manufacturing ($128,531), Public Administration ($122,976), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($115,323).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($115,856), Public Administration ($110,673), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($91,309).

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Education

In 2022, universities in Washington, DC awarded 30,117 degrees. The student population of Washington, DC in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 37,396 male students and 62,466 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington, DC are White (12,707 and 47.8%), followed by Black or African American (5,985 and 22.5%), Hispanic or Latino (2,823 and 10.6%), and Asian (2,362 and 8.89%).

The largest universities in Washington, DC by number of degrees awarded are George Washington University (9,285 and 30.8%), Georgetown University (7,598 and 25.2%), and American University (4,493 and 14.9%).

The most popular majors in Washington, DC are General Business Administration & Management (2,243 and 7.45%), International Relations & Affairs (2,205 and 7.32%), and Law (1,889 and 6.27%).

The median tuition costs in Washington, DC are $41,812 for private four year colleges, and $5,292 and $12,144 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Washington, DC, the percentage of applicants admitted was 41.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 23.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 99,862 (37.4% men and 62.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 99,862 students enrolled in Washington, DC, 37.4% men and 62.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 37,808 records, of which 60.1% were women and 39.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 985 degrees awarded
  2. 345 degrees awarded
  3. 1,672 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Washington, DC was International Relations & Affairs with 985 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Washington, DC according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 9,285 degrees awarded
  2. 7,598 degrees awarded
  3. 4,493 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was George Washington University with 9,285 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 11,513 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington, DC, which is 0.619 times less than the 18,604 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 12,707 degrees mean that there were 2.12 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5,985 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($41,812) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($860) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private for-profit, 2-year ($1,400) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for District of Columbia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.966% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for District of Columbia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Graduate Degree (181k), Bachelors Degree (143k), and High School or Equivalent (87.1k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington, DC was $705,000 in 2022, which is 2.5 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $635,900 to $705,000, a 10.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington, DC is 41.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Washington, DC have an average commute time of 30.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Washington, DC is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Washington, DC is $101,722. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Washington, DC was Census Tract 9.02 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 15 and Census Tract 26, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

Property

$705,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$10,380
$130,865
Median Property Taxes
±$2,849

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington, DC the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Washington, DC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

41.4%
Homeownership
2022
69.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 41.4% of the housing units in Washington, DC were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 41.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Washington, DC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9.02
  2. Census Tract 15
  3. Census Tract 26

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington, DC was Census Tract 9.02 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 15 and Census Tract 26, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

The following map shows all of the places in Washington, DC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$101,722
Median Household Income
± $1,569
316k
Number of Households
± 4,807

In 2022, the median household income of the 316k households in Washington, DC grew to $101,722 from the previous year's value of $93,547.

The following chart displays the households in Washington, DC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington, DC is from District of Columbia.
0.438
2022 Wage GINI in District of Columbia
0.448
2021 Wage GINI in District of Columbia

In 2022, the income inequality in District of Columbia was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.32% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for District of Columbia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in District of Columbia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in District of Columbia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (29.7%)
  2. Worked At Home (25%)
  3. Public Transit (24.7%)

In 2022, 29.7% of workers in Washington, DC drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (25%) and those who used public transit to get to work (24.7%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington, DC have a longer commute time (30.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.07% of the workforce in Washington, DC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington, DC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington, DC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington, DC have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington, DC (98k out of 649k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington, DC is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.6% of the population of Washington, DC has health coverage, with 53.8% on employee plans, 21.7% on Medicaid, 7.52% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.07% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in District of Columbia, DC see 808 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.94% decrease from the previous year (850 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 826 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 179 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for District of Columbia, DC.
808 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in District of Columbia, DC

Primary care physicians in District of Columbia, DC see an average of 808 patients per year. This represents a 4.94% decrease from the previous year (850 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in District of Columbia, DC in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20% under 18 years, 30.6% between 18 and 34 years, 37% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.8% were men and 53.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.41%
Uninsured
53.8%
Employer Coverage
21.7%
Medicaid
7.52%
Medicare
12.5%
Non-Group
1.07%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington, DC grew by 0.713% from 3.39% to 3.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington, DC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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