Springfield, MA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
689,486
1.38% 1-year decline
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.2
1.52% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
14.3%
0.807% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$70,547
9.11% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$278,900
12.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
326,909
1.64% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Springfield, MA had a population of 689k people with a median age of 40.2 and a median household income of $70,547. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Springfield, MA declined from 699,160 to 689,486, a −1.38% decrease and its median household income grew from $64,659 to $70,547, a 9.11% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Springfield, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (68.3%), White (Hispanic) (7.73%), Two+ (Hispanic) (6.47%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (5.64%), and Other (Hispanic) (4.61%).

None of the households in Springfield, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.5% of the residents in Springfield, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Springfield, MA are University of Massachusetts-Amherst (9,752 degrees awarded in 2022), Westfield State University (168263) (1,413 degrees), and Western New England University (1,084 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Springfield, MA was $278,900, and the homeownership rate was 64.2%.

Most people in Springfield, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Springfield, MA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Springfield, MA is home to a population of 689k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 8.62% of Springfield, MA residents were born outside of the country (59.4k people).

In 2022, there were 8.84 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (471k people) in Springfield, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.3k White (Hispanic) and 44.6k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.5%
2022 Citizenship
96.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.5% of Springfield, MA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Springfield, MA was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Springfield, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Springfield, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    471k ± 602
  2. White (Hispanic)
    53.3k ± 2.5k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    44.6k ± 2.85k
19.9%
Hispanic Population
137k people

In 2022, there were 8.84 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (471k people) in Springfield, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 53.3k White (Hispanic) and 44.6k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

19.9% of the people in Springfield, MA are hispanic (137k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Springfield, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    102,973 ± 7,820 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    99,956 ± 7,706 people
  3. Brazil
    93,519 ± 7,457 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 102,973 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 99,956 and Brazil with 93,519.

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Foreign-Born Population

8.62%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
59.4k people
8.68%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
60.7k people

As of 2022, 8.62% of Springfield, MA residents (59.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Springfield, MA was 8.68%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Springfield, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    12,155 ± 763
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    6,133 ± 642
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    4,081 ± 607

Springfield, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Springfield, MA employs 327k people. The largest industries in Springfield, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (59,070 people), Educational Services (49,288 people), and Retail Trade (34,143 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($94,151), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($86,967), and Finance & Insurance ($76,114).

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $81,902. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

327k
2022 Value
± 4,540
−1.64%
1 Year decline
± 1.96%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Springfield, MA declined at a rate of −1.64%, from 332k employees to 327k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Springfield, MA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (35,660 people), Management Occupations (32,035 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (28,474 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Springfield, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

327k
2022 Value
± 4,540
−1.64%
1 Year decline
± 1.96%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Springfield, MA declined at a rate of −1.64%, from 332k employees to 327k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Springfield, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (59,070 people), Educational Services (49,288 people), and Retail Trade (34,143 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Springfield, MA, though some of these residents may live in Springfield, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$52,949
Median earning men ± $984
$40,546
Median earning women ± $810

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($79,667), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($65,229), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,048).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($68,871), Public Administration ($66,719), and Construction ($46,670).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 5,959
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 3,094
    Manufacturing
  3. 2,937
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Massachusetts went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.29%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Springfield, MA awarded 20,126 degrees. The student population of Springfield, MA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 26,544 male students and 39,604 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Springfield, MA are White (12,116 and 65.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,973 and 10.6%), Asian (1,465 and 7.87%), and Unknown (1,188 and 6.38%).

The largest universities in Springfield, MA by number of degrees awarded are University of Massachusetts-Amherst (9,752 and 48.5%), Westfield State University (168263) (1,413 and 7.02%), and Western New England University (1,084 and 5.39%).

The most popular majors in Springfield, MA are General Psychology (856 and 4.25%), General Business Administration & Management (815 and 4.05%), and Computer Science (761 and 3.78%).

The median tuition costs in Springfield, MA are $41,439 for private four year colleges, and $8,578 and $22,228 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Springfield, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 55%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 66,148 (40.1% men and 59.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 66,148 students enrolled in Springfield, MA, 40.1% men and 59.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 36,629 records, of which 59.1% were women and 40.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 834 degrees awarded
  2. 563 degrees awarded
  3. 549 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Springfield, MA was General Psychology with 834 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Springfield, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 9,752 degrees awarded
  2. 1,413 degrees awarded
  3. 1,084 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Massachusetts-Amherst with 9,752 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 7,519 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Springfield, MA, which is 0.596 times less than the 12,607 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 12,116 degrees mean that there were 6.14 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,973 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($41,439) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($5,648) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Measure

In 2022, 1.17% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.24% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (1.35M), High School or Equivalent (1.34M), and Graduate Degree (1.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Springfield, MA was $278,900 in 2022, which is 0.989 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $247,400 to $278,900, a 12.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Springfield, MA is 64.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Springfield, MA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Springfield, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Springfield, MA is $70,547. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Springfield, MA was Nantucket County, MA with a value of $135,590, followed by Middlesex County, MA and Norfolk County, MA, with respective values of $121,304 and $120,621.

Property

$278,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$1,931
$177,220
Median Property Taxes
±$2,881

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Springfield, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Springfield, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.2%
Homeownership
2022
62.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64.2% of the housing units in Springfield, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Springfield, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Springfield, MA was Nantucket County, MA with a value of $135,590, followed by Middlesex County, MA and Norfolk County, MA, with respective values of $121,304 and $120,621.

The following map shows all of the counties in Springfield, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$70,547
Median Household Income
± $1,306
276k
Number of Households
± 4,057

In 2022, the median household income of the 276k households in Springfield, MA grew to $70,547 from the previous year's value of $64,659.

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Springfield, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.48
2022 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.48
2021 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2022, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.047% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.3%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.5%)
  3. Carpooled (7.45%)

In 2022, 75.3% of workers in Springfield, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.5%) and those who carpooled to work (7.45%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Springfield, MA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.94% of the workforce in Springfield, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Springfield, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Springfield, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Springfield, MA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Springfield, MA (93.7k out of 655k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Springfield, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

97.2% of the population of Springfield, MA has health coverage, with 46.3% on employee plans, 24.7% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 0.995% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see 960 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.826% decrease from the previous year (968 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 930 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 145 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
960 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Massachusetts

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 960 patients per year. This represents a 0.826% decrease from the previous year (968 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.4% under 18 years, 22.7% between 18 and 34 years, 37.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 18% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

2.76%
Uninsured
46.3%
Employer Coverage
24.7%
Medicaid
12.1%
Medicare
13.2%
Non-Group
0.995%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Springfield, MA declined by 2.04% from 2.82% to 2.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Springfield, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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