Fairfield County, CT

County

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2021 Population
956,446
1.29% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Blumenthal
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Murphy
Democratic Party
2021 Median Age
40.7
0.245% 1-year decrease
2021 Poverty Rate
9.19%
3.03% 1-year increase
2021 Median Household Income
$101,194
3.75% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$443,100
2.33% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
484,841
1.7% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Fairfield County, CT had a population of 956k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $101,194. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Fairfield County, CT grew from 944,306 to 956,446, a 1.29% increase and its median household income grew from $97,539 to $101,194, a 3.75% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Fairfield County, CT are White (Non-Hispanic) (59.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.7%), White (Hispanic) (8.22%), Other (Hispanic) (7.33%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.4%).

None of the households in Fairfield County, CT reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.9% of the residents in Fairfield County, CT are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Fairfield County, CT are Sacred Heart University (2,730 degrees awarded in 2021), Fairfield University (1,517 degrees), and University of Bridgeport (1,372 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Fairfield County, CT was $443,100, and the homeownership rate was 66.6%.

Most people in Fairfield County, CT drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31 minutes. The average car ownership in Fairfield County, CT was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Fairfield County, CT is home to a population of 956k people, from which 88.9% are citizens. As of 2021, 22.3% of Fairfield County, CT residents were born outside of the country (214k people).

In 2021, there were 5.59 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (572k people) in Fairfield County, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 102k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 78.7k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

88.9%
2021 Citizenship
89%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 88.9% of Fairfield County, CT residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Fairfield County, CT was 89%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Fairfield County, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Fairfield County, CT
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    572k ± 1.43k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    102k ± 1.27k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    78.7k ± 3.12k
20.5%
Hispanic Population
196k people

In 2021, there were 5.59 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (572k people) in Fairfield County, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 102k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 78.7k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

20.5% of the people in Fairfield County, CT are hispanic (196k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Fairfield County, CT as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.
Most Common Origin
  1. Jamaica
    42,506 ± 5,032 people
  2. India
    41,570 ± 4,977 people
  3. Dominican Republic
    26,547 ± 3,985 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was Jamaica, the natal country of 42,506 Connecticut residents, followed by India with 41,570 and Dominican Republic with 26,547.

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Foreign-Born Population

22.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
214k people
21.9%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
207k people

As of 2021, 22.3% of Fairfield County, CT residents (214k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Fairfield County, CT was 21.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Fairfield County, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    10,600 ± 670
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,406 ± 497
  3. Korea
    2,594 ± 316

Fairfield County, CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Fairfield County, CT employs 485k people. The largest industries in Fairfield County, CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,050 people), Retail Trade (49,967 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (49,292 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($144,375), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($122,651), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($111,771).

Males in Connecticut have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $71,882. The income inequality in Connecticut (measured using the Gini index) is 0.502, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

485k
2021 Value
± 5,634
1.7%
1 Year growth
± 1.59%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Fairfield County, CT grew at a rate of 1.7%, from 477k employees to 485k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Fairfield County, CT, are Management Occupations (68,751 people), Sales & Related Occupations (54,077 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (45,813 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Fairfield County, CT.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Connecticut (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

485k
2021 Value
± 5,634
1.7%
1 Year growth
± 1.59%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Fairfield County, CT grew at a rate of 1.7%, from 477k employees to 485k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Fairfield County, CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (68,050 people), Retail Trade (49,967 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (49,292 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Fairfield County, CT, though some of these residents may live in Fairfield County, CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$64,373
Median earning men ± $1,253
$43,845
Median earning women ± $819

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($168,808), Information ($97,123), and Public Administration ($92,807).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($82,826), Wholesale Trade ($79,000), and Information ($70,101).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Connecticut. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Connecticut.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 12,251
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 7,975
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 7,690
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $28M
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  2. $12.6M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $10.9M
    Manufacturing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $23.3B
  2. $15.3B
  3. $13.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $23.3B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($15.3B) and Pharmaceuticals ($13.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Connecticut.
$182B
2020 Value in Connecticut
$344B
Projected 2050 Value in Connecticut
89.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Connecticut trade was $182B. This is expected to increase 89.3% to $344B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $33.3B
  2. $19.3B
  3. $7.59B

In 2020, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $33.3B, followed by Massachusetts with $19.3B and New Jersey and $7.59B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Fairfield County, CT went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (35.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.972%).

Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy are the senators currently representing the state of Connecticut. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Connecticut is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Connecticut

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Richard Blumenthal
Senator from Connecticut3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Chris Murphy
Senator from Connecticut1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy are the senators currently representing Connecticut.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Connecticut over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Connecticut

Connecticut is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Connecticut have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Fairfield County, CT awarded 10,235 degrees. The student population of Fairfield County, CT in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 14,536 male students and 22,988 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Fairfield County, CT are White (5,536 and 56.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,894 and 19.3%), Black or African American (1,425 and 14.5%), and Unknown (413 and 4.21%).

The largest universities in Fairfield County, CT by number of degrees awarded are Sacred Heart University (2,730 and 26.7%), Fairfield University (1,517 and 14.8%), and University of Bridgeport (1,372 and 13.4%).

The most popular majors in Fairfield County, CT are Registered Nursing (862 and 8.42%), Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (703 and 6.87%), and General Business Administration & Management (437 and 4.27%).

The median tuition costs in Fairfield County, CT are $44,960 for private four year colleges, and $10,596 and $28,067 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Fairfield County, CT, the percentage of applicants admitted was 67.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 17.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 37,524 (38.7% men and 61.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 37,524 students enrolled in Fairfield County, CT, 38.7% men and 61.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 19,252 records, of which 61.5% were women and 38.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 664 degree-majors awarded
  2. 325 degree-majors awarded
  3. 310 degree-majors awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Fairfield County, CT was Registered Nursing with 664 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Fairfield County, CT according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,730 degrees awarded
  2. 1,517 degrees awarded
  3. 1,372 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Sacred Heart University with 2,730 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 4,229 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Fairfield County, CT, which is 0.704 times less than the 6,006 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 5,536 degrees mean that there were 2.92 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,894 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($44,960) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,239) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($2,700) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Measure

In 2021, 0.936% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.826% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (773k), Bachelors Degree (616k), and Some college (551k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Fairfield County, CT was $443,100 in 2021, which is 1.81 times larger than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $433,000 to $443,100, a 2.33% increase. The homeownership rate in Fairfield County, CT is 66.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Fairfield County, CT have an average commute time of 31 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Fairfield County, CT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Fairfield County, CT is $101,194. In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Fairfield County, CT was Census Tract 101.02 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 102.01 and Census Tract 103, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

In 2022, 21.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Fairfield County, CT. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.832%.

Property

$443,100
Median Property Value 2021
±$5,016
$232,832
Median Property Taxes
±$2,898

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Fairfield County, CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Fairfield County, CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

66.6%
Homeownership
2021
60.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 66.6% of the housing units in Fairfield County, CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Fairfield County, CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 101.02
  2. Census Tract 102.01
  3. Census Tract 103

In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Fairfield County, CT was Census Tract 101.02 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 102.01 and Census Tract 103, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Fairfield County, CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$101,194
Median Household Income
± $1,352
349k
Number of Households
± 4,594

In 2021, the median household income of the 349k households in Fairfield County, CT grew to $101,194 from the previous year's value of $97,539.

The following chart displays the households in Fairfield County, CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Fairfield County, CT is from Connecticut.
0.502
2021 Wage GINI in Connecticut
0.501
2020 Wage GINI in Connecticut

In 2021, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.502 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.223% growth from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (67.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (12.6%)
  3. Carpooled (8.28%)

In 2021, 67.1% of workers in Fairfield County, CT drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (12.6%) and those who carpooled to work (8.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

31 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Fairfield County, CT have a longer commute time (31 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 6.58% of the workforce in Fairfield County, CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Fairfield County, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Fairfield County, CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Fairfield County, CT have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 21.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Fairfield County, CT. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.832%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

9.19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Fairfield County, CT (86.4k out of 940k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Fairfield County, CT is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 10.8% of the children was living in poverty in Fairfield County, CT. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.3%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 238 in Fairfield County, CT. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 59.9 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

92.3% of the population of Fairfield County, CT has health coverage, with 53% on employee plans, 16.3% on Medicaid, 11.6% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 0.44% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Fairfield County, CT see 1060 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.3% decrease from the previous year (1074 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1064 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 296 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,060 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Fairfield County, CT

Primary care physicians in Fairfield County, CT see an average of 1,060 patients per year. This represents a 1.3% decrease from the previous year (1,074 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Fairfield County, CT in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.1% under 18 years, 19% between 18 and 34 years, 41.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.74%
Uninsured
53%
Employer Coverage
16.3%
Medicaid
11.6%
Medicare
11%
Non-Group
0.44%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Fairfield County, CT grew by 1.42% from 7.64% to 7.74%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Fairfield County, CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 28.9 in Fairfield County, CT.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Fairfield County, CT.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 24.4% in Fairfield County, CT.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Fairfield County, CT.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 9.32% in Fairfield County, CT.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Fairfield County, CT.

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