El Centro City PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2021 Population
180,051
0.293% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dianne Feinstein
Democratic Party
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
2021 Median Age
32.5
0% 1-year change
2021 Poverty Rate
21%
6.62% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$49,078
6.18% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$219,800
6.34% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
54,887
1.07% 1-year decline

About

In 2021, El Centro City PUMA, CA had a population of 180k people with a median age of 32.5 and a median household income of $49,078.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in El Centro City PUMA, CA are White (Hispanic) (38.3%), Other (Hispanic) (31.4%), Two+ (Hispanic) (14.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (9.73%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.47%).

74.9% of the households in El Centro City PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

85.3% of the residents in El Centro City PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Imperial Valley College (2,917 degrees awarded in 2021) and CET-El Centro (134 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in El Centro City PUMA, CA was $219,800, and the homeownership rate was 56.9%.

Most people in El Centro City PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22 minutes. The average car ownership in El Centro City PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

El Centro City PUMA, CA is home to a population of 180k people, from which 85.3% are citizens. As of 2021, 29.9% of El Centro City PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (53.9k people).

In 2021, there were 1.22 times more White (Hispanic) residents (69k people) in El Centro City PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 56.5k Other (Hispanic) and 25.7k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in El Centro City PUMA, CA are Spanish (122,111 households), Korean (653 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (315 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
87,237
Women
48.5%
92,706
Men
51.5%

The resident population of United States in 2021 was 179,943 inhabitants, with 51.5% men, and 48.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

85.3%
2021 Citizenship
85%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 85.3% of El Centro City PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in El Centro City PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in El Centro City PUMA, CA
  1. White (Hispanic)
    69k ± 2.92k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    56.5k ± 2.74k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    25.7k ± 2.92k
85.1%
Hispanic Population
153k people

In 2021, there were 1.22 times more White (Hispanic) residents (69k people) in El Centro City PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 56.5k Other (Hispanic) and 25.7k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

85.1% of the people in El Centro City PUMA, CA are hispanic (153k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in El Centro City PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    50,233 ± 4,672 people
  2. El Salvador
    421 ± 503 people
  3. Korea
    353 ± 461 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of El Centro City PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 50,233 El Centro City PUMA, CA residents, followed by El Salvador with 421 and Korea with 353.

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Foreign-Born Population

29.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
53.9k people
30.1%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
54.4k people

As of 2021, 29.9% of El Centro City PUMA, CA residents (53.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in El Centro City PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    122,111 households (73.5%)
  2. Korean
    653 households (0.393%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    315 households (0.19%)

74.9% of the households in El Centro City PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2021, the most common non-English language spoken in households in El Centro City PUMA, CA was Spanish. 73.5% of the households in El Centro City PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,577 ± 421
  2. Vietnam
    1,465 ± 277
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    922 ± 255

El Centro City PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of El Centro City PUMA, CA employs 54.9k people. The largest industries in El Centro City PUMA, CA are Elementary & secondary schools (4,412 people), Farming (3,955 people), and Justice, public order, & safety activities (3,512 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($92,248), National security & international affairs ($86,762), and Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. ($84,955).

Males in El Centro City PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.25 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,039. The income inequality in El Centro City PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
26,283
Women
47.4%
29,196
Men
52.6%

The workforce of El Centro City PUMA, CA in 2020 was 55,479 people, with 47.4% woman, and 52.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in El Centro City PUMA, CA.

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Occupations

54.9k
2021 Value
−1.07%
1 Year decline
± −1.07%

In 2021, there were 54.9k employees (± 0) in El Centro City PUMA, CA.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in El Centro City PUMA, CA, are Personal care aides (3,098 people), Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (3,060 people), and Cashiers (2,053 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of El Centro City PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

54.9k
2021 Value
−1.07%
1 Year decline
± −1.07%

In 2021, there were 54.9k employees (± 0) in El Centro City PUMA, CA.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in El Centro City PUMA, CA, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,412 people), Farming (3,955 people), and Justice, public order, & safety activities (3,512 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of El Centro City PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in El Centro City PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,022
Median earning men ± $2,143
$25,378
Median earning women ± $1,706

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Public Administration ($83,650), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($64,221), and Information ($53,287).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Public Administration ($51,161), Construction ($37,813), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($30,473).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in California. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $405B
  2. $159B
  3. $155B

In 2020, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $405B, followed by Mixed freight ($159B) and Pharmaceuticals ($155B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California.
$2.21T
2020 Value in California
$4.61T
Projected 2050 Value in California
109% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $2.21T. This is expected to increase 109% to $4.61T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $84.4B
  2. $44.8B
  3. $40.6B

In 2020, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $84.4B, followed by Arizona with $44.8B and Ohio and $40.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in California went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 63.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (34.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Dianne Feinstein
Senator from California1
Assumed office on November 10, 1992
Elected to the seat to succeed John Seymour (California politician)|John Seymour, who had been appointed to the seat after Pete Wilson was elected Governor of California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 18, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 52 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in El Centro City PUMA, CA awarded 3,051 degrees. The student population of El Centro City PUMA, CA in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 3,125 male students and 4,259 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in El Centro City PUMA, CA are Hispanic or Latino (2,852 and 93.5%), followed by White (84 and 2.76%), Black or African American (41 and 1.34%), and Unknown (32 and 1.05%).

The largest universities in El Centro City PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are Imperial Valley College (2,917 and 95.6%) and CET-El Centro (134 and 4.39%).

The most popular majors in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (907 and 29.7%), Biological & Physical Sciences (389 and 12.7%), and Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (218 and 7.15%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2021 there were 7,384 students enrolled in El Centro City PUMA, CA, 42.3% men and 57.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 6,721 records, of which 58.5% were women and 41.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 388 degrees awarded
  2. 223 degrees awarded
  3. 195 degrees awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA was Biological & Physical Sciences with 388 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Imperial County--El Centro City PUMA, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,917 degrees awarded
  2. 134 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Imperial Valley College with 2,917 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2021, 1,191 men were awarded degrees from institutions in El Centro City PUMA, CA, which is 0.64 times less than the 1,860 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 2,852 degrees mean that there were 34 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 84 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,104) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($22) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($1,035) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2021, 1.69% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.55% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of El Centro City PUMA, CA in 2021 were Some college (34.6k), Secondary Education (33.8k), and High School or Equivalent (33.5k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in El Centro City PUMA, CA was $219,800 in 2021, which is 0.898 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $206,700 to $219,800, a 6.34% increase. The homeownership rate in El Centro City PUMA, CA is 56.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in El Centro City PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in El Centro City PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in El Centro City PUMA, CA is $49,078. In 2021, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in El Centro City PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $200,929, followed by Mountain View, Palo Alto & Los Altos Cities PUMA, CA and San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $180,654 and $179,950.

Property

$219,800
Median Property Value 2021
±$6,531
$26,392
Median Property Taxes
±$1,423

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In El Centro City PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in El Centro City PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

56.9%
Homeownership
N/A
66.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In N/A, 56.9% of the housing units in El Centro City PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in El Centro City PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2021, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in El Centro City PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $200,929, followed by Mountain View, Palo Alto & Los Altos Cities PUMA, CA and San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA, with respective values of $180,654 and $179,950.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in El Centro City PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$49,078
Median Household Income
± $2,530
45.5k
Number of Households
± 1,899

In 2021, the median household income of the 45.5k households in El Centro City PUMA, CA was $49,078.

The following chart displays the households in El Centro City PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.434
2021 Wage GINI in El Centro City PUMA, CA
0.447
2020 Wage GINI in El Centro City PUMA, CA

In 2021, the income inequality in El Centro City PUMA, CA was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.99% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for El Centro City PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in El Centro City PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in El Centro City PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (79.5%)
  2. Carpooled (8.56%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.15%)

In 2021, 79.5% of workers in El Centro City PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.56%) and those who worked at home (6.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in El Centro City PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 3.16% of the workforce in El Centro City PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in El Centro City PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in El Centro City PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in El Centro City PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in El Centro City PUMA, CA (35.7k out of 170k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in El Centro City PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

93.4% of the population of El Centro City PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 33% on employee plans, 43.6% on Medicaid, 7.46% on Medicare, 8.11% on non-group plans, and 1.24% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in California see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1254 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1132 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 244 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,240 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 1.12% decrease from the previous year (1,254 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 32.3% under 18 years, 21.1% between 18 and 34 years, 33.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.1% were men and 50.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.6%
Uninsured
33%
Employer Coverage
43.6%
Medicaid
7.46%
Medicare
8.11%
Non-Group
1.24%
Military or VA

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in El Centro City PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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